Determinants of Ethics

The factors in human behaviour that determine whether it is good or bad depend on:

  • Individual person.
  • Culture or country of an individual.
  • Determined by value system, education level, religious beliefs, experiences, work culture etc.
  • Ethics in Governance is determined by social, political, economic, judicio-legal, historical or cultural context of the country.

Three determinants of ethics are:

  • Object: what someone choose to do or not to do.
  • End: The purpose for which the act is performed. It may be the act itself(e.g. sleeping) or some other purpose (e.g. reading to become IAS).
  • Circumstances: The elements and environment that surround a human action and affect it.

To be ethically good, a human act must satisfy morality on all these three. Departure from any of these makes the action morally wrong.

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