Polity: Fundamental Rights

Q1) Which of the following Part of the constitution deals with the Fundamental Rights?

a) Part II
b) Part III
c) Part IV
d) Part V

Answer – B

Explanation: Fundamental Rights form Part III of the constitution. They are listed from Articles 12 to 35. The framers of the constitution of India derived inspiration from the constitution of USA while including Fundamental Rights.

 

Q2) Consider the following statements with regard to Fundamental Rights.

1) The Fundamental Rights are meant for promoting the ideal of social and economic democracy.
2) The Fundamental Rights are justiciable.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – B

Explanation: Fundamental Rights are meant for promoting the ideal of political democracy. They prevent the establishment of an authoritarian and despotic rule in the country and protect the liberties and freedoms of the people against the invasion by the state.

Part III contains a long and comprehensive list of justiciable fundamental rights. Hence only statement II is correct.

 

Q3) Consider the following statements with regard to Fundamental rights.

1) Originally, the constitution provided for seven Fundamental Rights.
2) Currently, the constitution lists nine Fundamental Rights.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – A

Explanation: The right to property was deleted from the list of Fundamental Rights by the 44th Amendment Act, 1978. It is made a legal right under Article 300-A in Part XII of the constitution. So at present there are only six Fundamental Rights.

 

Q4) Which of the following statements are not correct?

1) Some of the Fundamental Rights are available only to the citizens while others are available to all persons.
2) Fundamental Rights are not absolute but qualified. The state can impose reasonable restrictions on them.

Choose from the codes given below:

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer – D

Explanation: Both the above mentioned statements are correct. They are mentioned in the Features of the Fundamental Rights. Hence correct answer is option D.

 

Q5) Consider the following statements with regard to Fundamental Rights.

1) Fundamental Rights are defended and guaranteed by the Supreme Court.
2) The Parliament can curtail or repeal the Fundamental Rights.
3) The Fundamental Rights can be suspended during the operation of a National Emergency except the Rights guaranteed by Articles 20 and 21.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 1 and 3
c) 2 only
d) All of the above

Answer – D

Explanation: All of the above mentioned statements are correct. Hence the correct answer is D

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